Women who have received breast implants and been diagnosed with anaplastic large cell lymphoma may have many questions, including “is anaplastic large cell lymphoma curable?” While this condition is scary, and may affect thousands of women across the globe, the prognosis for remission is good.

What is Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma?

Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare type of cancer that often occurs in patients who have received prosthetic breast implants. ALCL is a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and accounts for about one percent of all non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cases. ALCL often initially appears in the lymph nodes, the skin, or the internal organs.

According to a report released by the United States Food and Drug Administration in February 2019, people who have received breast implants may be at increased risk for a specific subtype of ALCL known as breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA ALCL). Women who have received textured breast implants may be at additional risk. These breast implants have a roughly textured surface that is designed to hold the prosthetics in place in the chest, and prevent them from migrating into the armpit. Silicone and saline implants may both be linked to an increased risk of BIA ALCL.

When a breast implant is inserted into the chest, a scar capsule forms around the implant. This capsule holds the implant in place. It is inside of this capsule where BIA ALCL generally initially occurs. BIA ALCL is not a cancer of the breast tissue itself, but of the scar tissue capsule surrounding the breast implants.

Is Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Curable?

Is Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Curable? If BIA ALCL is only found in the scar tissue capsule surrounding the implant and has not spread to other tissues in the body, treatment may be straightforward. If the breast implant and surrounding scar tissue are removed, there may be no need for further treatment. In some cases where the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, radiation and chemotherapy may be necessary. However, these treatments are usually not required for the treatment of BIA ALCL. According to UT Southwestern Medical Center, 93 percent of patients diagnosed with BIA ALCL are disease-free after three years if the condition is caught and treated quickly.

Symptoms of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

Symptoms of BIA ALCL may include lumps in the breast or armpit, breast pain, swelling, fluid build-up, changes in breast texture or appearance, or skin rash. Women with implants who have experienced unexplained breast implant illness symptoms may want to see their doctor and be examined for BIA ALCL.

How is ALCL Diagnosed?

ALCL diagnosis may require taking a small biopsy or sample of the affected tissue. Additional tests including blood tests, CT scans, PET scans, MRI scans, or bone marrow biopsies may also be used to identify and diagnose the condition.

How Rare is BIA ALCL?

According to the FDA’s report, nearly 500 women in the U.S. have been diagnosed with BIA ALCL. At least nine of these women have died due to the condition. While research is still being conducted on the exact risk of BIA ALCL, it is currently estimated to occur in as many as one in every 3,817 patients with breast implants. Approximately 1.5 million patients receive breast implants every year across the globe.

If you have received breast implants and have been diagnosed with BIA ALCL, you may be able to hire an attorney and file a medical device class action lawsuit. Victims who file lawsuits may be able to receive compensation for medical expenses, injuries, pain and suffering, and loss of income.

Join a Free Breast Implants Side Effects Lawsuit Investigation

You may qualify for this breast implant investigation under the following circumstances:

  • You were implanted with textured breast implants;
  • You were diagnosed with Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (BIA ALCL); and/or
  • You’ve suffered from any illness you believe is related to the implants.

Fill out the form on this page for a free case evaluation by a breast implants injury attorney. 

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This article is not legal advice. It is presented
for informational purposes only.

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