People get IUDs to feel safe from an unwanted pregnancy, but some IUDs can also carry serious risks. The ParaGard IUD may break when removed, causing pain and even leaving shards of metal inside the uterus.
What is the ParaGard IUD?
Unlike other intrauterine devices (IUD) which release hormones in order to prevent pregnancy, ParaGard is a copper-based IUD which does not use hormones. The copper wire in the T-shaped device is intended to create an inflammatory response in the body—creating an environment which is toxic to eggs and sperm. Through this toxicity, ParaGard prevents pregnancy in more than 99% of patients.
Due to the copper mechanism and lack of hormones, the ParaGard IUD can stay in the body for up to 10 years and can even be used while breast feeding. The IUD may also be used as an emergency contraceptive device if implanted within five days of unprotected sex. Although these and other positives may draw those looking for IUDs to this device, the IUD is also associated with significant side effects such as severe menstrual pain and heavy bleeding.
The IUD insertion process itself generally takes less than five minutes, and can be inserted regardless of where the patient is in their menstrual cycle. It can be inserted even if the patient has recently given birth or had an abortion.
Some people may experience mild side effects such as cramps or pain during or immediately after insertion of the device, but these are reported to go away quickly, especially with medicine. Some may become dizzy during or after insertion, and a few people may faint.
Can the ParaGard Break Upon Removal?
Whether a patient keeps the ParaGard IUD in for 10 years or removes it sooner due to severe side effects, they will eventually need to go through the IUD removal process. During removal, the strings attached to the IUD are gently pulled by a doctor and the device is carefully removed.
In a normal situation, patients may suffer from light bleeding and cramping during and after removal. Unfortunately, the ParaGard IUD may also be associated with complications such as device fracture.
According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s ParaGard documentation, removal may be complicated by the device becoming stuck in the uterus. Specifically, the IUD may partially penetrate or become completely embedded in the lining of the uterine walls. In these situations, surgery may be required to remove the ParaGard IUD.
The ParaGard IUD may also break upon removal. According to legal action against former ParaGard manufacturer Teva Pharmaceuticals, device fracture during removal can leave shards of metal inside patients. These shards can cause pain, bleeding, and other complications. In cases where IUD fragments can’t be easily retrieved, surgery may be required to remove the shrapnel.
What Can I Do?
If you suffered from complications such as IUD fracture during removal, you may be eligible to take legal action. Attorneys are interested in speaking to patients around the country who experienced ParaGard removal side effects. If you qualify, you may be able to file a lawsuit and recover monetary compensation for your injuries.
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